Hire a Service Worker for Your Website (i)

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Photo by Dmitry Grigoriev on Unsplash

Sometimes we may hear of Service Workers, about all the things they can do for us including some heavy lifting work. So in these blog series, we are looking at what Service Worker is and how we can “hire” one to help our websites.

Based on Google Dev, a service worker is a script that your browser runs in the background, separate from a web page, opening the door to features that don’t need a web page or user interaction. Today, they already include features like push notifications and background sync.

The reason this is such an exciting API is that it allows you to support offline experiences, giving developers complete control over the experience. Before service worker, there was one other API that gave users an offline experience on the web called AppCache.

Things to note about a service worker:

  • It can’t access the DOM directly. But it can communicate with the pages it controls by responding to messages sent via the postMessage interface, and those pages can manipulate the DOM instead.
  • Service worker is a network proxy, allowing you to modify requests and responses, replace them with items from its own cache, and more.
  • It’s terminated when not in use, and restarted when it’s next needed. If there is information that you need to persist across restarts, service workers can use the IndexedDB API.
  • Service workers make extensive use of promises.
  • Caching strategies
  • Web push
  • Offline handling
  • API Analytics: perform API usage logging without interfering with the UI layer by adding a service worker to gather the usage and use the sync API to upload gathered data from time to time.
  • Load balancer: Service Worker containing network logic to dynamically select the best content provider accordingly to server availability.
  • Dependency Injection: This recipe shows how a Service Worker can act as a dependency injector, avoiding hard wiring dependencies for high level components.

Cache :

Represents the storage for Request / Response object pairs that are cached as part of the ServiceWorker life cycle.

Cache.match(request, options)Returns a Promise that resolves to the response associated with the first matching request in the Cache object.

Cache.matchAll(request, options)Returns a Promise that resolves to an array of all matching requests in the Cache object.

Cache.add(request)Takes a URL, retrieves it and adds the resulting response object to the given cache. This is functionally equivalent to calling fetch(), then using put() to add the results to the cache.

Cache.put(request, response)Takes both a request and its response and adds it to the given cache.

Cache.delete(request, options)Finds the Cache entry whose key is the request, returning a Promise that resolves to true if a matching Cache entry is found and deleted. If no Cache entry is found, the promise resolves to false.

Cache.keys(request, options)Returns a Promise that resolves to an array of Cache keys.

Client

Represents the scope of a service worker client. A service worker client is either a document in a browser context or a SharedWorker, which is controlled by an active worker.

Clients

Represents a container for a list of Client objects; the main way to access the active service worker clients at the current origin.

Navigator.serviceWorker

Returns a ServiceWorkerContainer object, which provides access to registration, removal, upgrade, and communication with the ServiceWorker objects for the associated document.

ServiceWorker

Represents a service worker. Multiple browsing contexts (e.g. pages, workers, etc.) can be associated with the same ServiceWorker object.

A ServiceWorker object is available in the ServiceWorkerRegistration.active property, and the ServiceWorkerContainer.controller property — this is a service worker that has been activated and is controlling the page.

The ServiceWorker interface is dispatched a set of lifecycle events — install and activate — and functional events including fetch. A ServiceWorker object has an associated ServiceWorker.state, related to its lifecycle.

ServiceWorker.state

Returns the state of the service worker. It returns one of the following values: installing, installed, activating, activated, or redundant.

ServiceWorkerGlobalScope

interface of the ServiceWorker API represents the global execution context of a service worker.

  • Properties

ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.clients :Contains the Clients object associated with the service worker.

ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.registration Contains the ServiceWorkerRegistration object that represents the service worker's registration.

ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.caches Contains the CacheStorage object associated with the service worker

  • Events

activate && fetch && install && message

Occurs when incoming messages are received. Controlled pages can use the MessagePort.postMessage() method to send messages to service workers. The service worker can optionally send a response back via the MessagePort exposed in event.data.port, corresponding to the controlled page. Also available via the ServiceWorkerGlobalScope.onmessage property.

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mozilla
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mozilla

That’s so much of it. Next post we are looking at examples of how to initialise and get a service worker up and running.

Happy Reading!

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